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Ueda's Comments Weigh on Yen as the Market Awaits US CPI

Started by PocketOption, Apr 03, 2024, 05:41 am

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Ueda's Comments Weigh on Yen as the Market Awaits US CPI

Overview: The US CPI has become one of the most
important high-frequency economic reports for the capital markets. The dollar
is going into the report narrowly mixed against the G10 currencies.  Comments by BOJ Governor Ueda about the weakness in consumption of non-durable
goods was seen by some as reducing the likelihood of a change in policy next
week. The greenback is threatening to snap a five-day drop against the yen. Most
of the G10 currencies are in narrow ranges ahead of the US CPI. Emerging market
currencies are also mixed, , Thailand, and Hungary are the weakest, while
the South African rand, Czech koruna, and the Chinese yuan lead the advancers. The
Chinese yuan on- and offshore traded at their best levels since the end of

Equities are trading higher. Most
of the large markets in the Asia Pacific region rose but Japan, which saw
continued profit-taking. The Hang Seng and mainland shares that trade in Hong
Kong surged by more than 3% led by the tech sector Europe's Stoxx 600 is recouping most of the
yesterday's 0.35% decline, which ended a three-day advance. US index futures
are firmer. European 10-year yields are 1-3 basis points lower, with the
10-year UK Gilt yield off by more than three basis points after a soft
employment report, which saw a larger than expected decline in wage pressure. The
10-year US Treasury yield is off almost one basis point ahead of today's data
and auction. Gold continues to consolidate after reaching almost $2200 at the
end of last week. Initial support is seen near $2170 and then $2150. April WTI
fell to a two-week low yesterday around $76.80 before recovering to settle
slightly below $78. Today, it has reached $78.70.

Asia Pacific

Many observers think that
communist China simply orders its state-owned banks to do it bidding, and
voila, it gets done. 
does well from propaganda purposes, but there seems to be space between them. Beijing
wants the banks to boost their lending to the property developers, but a couple
of the largest are balking. Industrial & Commercial Bank of China and China
Construction Bank have not agreed yet to the syndicated loan for one of the
largest residential property developers. They want more collateral.

The Bank of Japan's target
rate stands at 0.10% but the effective rate is -0.01%.
 A series of firmer data (CPI, labor
cash earnings, reports of strong wage demands, and an upward revision to Q4 23
GDP) coupled with comments from a couple BOJ officials have fanned speculation
that a rate hike could come as early as next week. A local press report
suggested that the Yield Curve Control could, which caps the 10-year yield at
1.0% could also be jettisoned. The idea is that the BOJ would revert to setting
a fixed amount of JGB buying. There also is much discussion about the
trajectory BOJ policy. The overnight swaps market is pricing an overnight
target rate of around 0.25% by year-end. Before the Diet earlier today, BOJ
Governor Ueda recognized weakness in the consumption of non-durable goods but
saw an overall moderate improvement in consumer sentiment as inflation slowed
and wage increases were expected.

The dollar spent most of the
North American session yesterday hovering around JPY147.00. It barely traded
above last week' settlement (~JPY147.05).
US rates traded firmer even after solid demand at the sale
of $56 bln three-year notes. Today, Treasury comes back selling $39 bln of
10-year note. The yield on the three-year note was almost nine basis points
higher than the previous auction but yield on the 10-year note is little
changed. The dollar has edged higher a re-entered the lower Bollinger Band
today (~JPY147.25) and reached JPY147.60. Nearby resistance is seen in the
JPY147.75-JPY148.00. The Australian dollar recorded session lows
yesterday in North America slightly below $0.6600.
 After the low was
set, the Aussie was unable to rise much above $0.6610. It is in a narrow range
mostly between $0.6610 and $0.6620 today. It probably takes a move above
$0.6640 to lift the tone. Despite the yen's losses, the Chinese yuan
The dollar fell to about CNY7.1725, its lowest level since
the end of January. The dollar fell to CNH7.1760 against the offshore yuan,
which is also the lowest since the end of January. The PBOC set the dollar's
reference rate at CNY7.0963 (CNY7.0969 yesterday). The average projection in
the Bloomberg survey was CNY7.1855 (CNY7.1879 yesterday).


The UK labor market is
gradually slowing gradually.
Employment fell in Q3 but rose in Q4 23. It began Q1 24 on a weak
note, falling 21k in the three-months through January compared to the previous
three months. The 3-month unemployment rate bottomed in August 2022 at 3.5%. It
reached 4.3% last July and has since pulled back to 3.8% before rising to 3.9%
in the three-months through January. Average weekly earnings (three-month
year-over-year) remain elevated, but slowly easing, apparently, slow enough to
deter BOE. Average weekly earnings peaked at 8.5% last July and has slowed
every month since to stand at 5.6% (three-month average through December and
January). The swap market increased on the margins the likelihood of a June
rate cut to about 57% chance from about 51% yesterday. This does not sound like
much, but it is the highest probability since in three weeks. 

Too much may be being made
of the fact that after contracting in Q3 23 and Q4 23, the British economy may
expand here in Q1 for the first time since Q1 23.
The contraction was shallow, and the
recovery is likely to be shallow. The median forecast in Bloomberg's survey is
for 0.1% growth. The January GDP is due tomorrow, and 0.2% growth is expected
after a 0.1% fall in output was reported in December. The industrial sector
looks flat, and construction likely slowed. The trade deficit may have widened.
The service sector may be the only bright spot. 

Bank of Italy announced
plans at the end of last week to impose a systemic risk buffer of 1% of
domestic exposure (weighted by counterparty and credit risk) by the end of next
Half is due this
year. This is the lower end of the 1%-2% range that had been discussed. The
buffer may be around 7.5 bln euros, which is around half of the excess capital
(above management targets in Q4 23 of the six largest banks. An index of
Italian bank shares fell by about 1% yesterday, though financial services were
down around 3.4% and the market as a whole was off 0.5%-0.6%. European banks in
the Stoxx index (EMU) ended a six-day advance yesterday, with less than a 0.1%
decline. It had fallen in three sessions in the past four weeks.

The euro consolidated at
modestly lower levels yesterday after rallying for the third consecutive week.
 It reached $1.0980 after the US
employment report and recorded a low yesterday as European activity was winding
down near $1.0915. After the low was made, the euro could hardly rally
15-ticks. Initial support is in the $1.0890-$1.0910 band. It is in an
exceptionally narrow range today between $1.0920 and $1.0940, as the market
awaits the US inflation report. Sterling made a new high for the year
before the slightly shy of $1.29 at the end of last week.
It pulled back yesterday
to test the $1.2800 area, the upper end of its previous range and slipped to
almost $1.2775 today. Yesterday's loss ended a six-day advance during which
sterling rose by about 2 3/4 cents. Nearby support is seen near $1.2750


The CPI is arguably the most
important release in the monthly data cycle.
The Fed targets the headline PCE deflator but knowing the
CPI (and PPI) allows economists to have a fairly good idea of the PCE deflator.
Headline CPI is expected to have risen by 0.4% last month for a 3.1%
year-over-year rate. It rose by 0.3% in January and the year-over-year rate was
3.1%. However, the risk is that the CPI ticks up this month as the base effect
(0.1% in March 2023) makes for a tough comparison. A 0.4% increase lifts the
three-month annualized rate to 3.6% (Dec-Feb) from 2.8% previously (Sept-Nov). The
six-month annualized pace would be 3.2%. The median forecast in Bloomberg's
survey has the core rate rising 0.3% (0.4% in January), with a favorable base
effect, allowing the year-over-year rate slow to 3.7% from 3.9%. However, the
three-month annualized pace would tick up to 4% from 3.2%. The takeaway is the
CPI data, like the employment report, underscore the lack of urgency from Fed
officials to cut rates.

Mexico reports January
industrial production figures today.
While the economy has slowed the 0.7% contraction in December
industrial output overstates the case. A recovery is widely expected despite a
soft manufacturing PMI (50.2 vs. 50.0). The IMEF manufacturing index rose to
51.6 from 50.0. Job creation improved and vehicle production surged by 42%,
recouping most of December's drop. The market appears nearly evenly divided
about the outlook for next week's Banxico meeting, with a small lean toward
standing pat (overnight rate target at 11.25%). Brazil reports the IPCA CPI
today. It is expected to have slowed to around 4.45%. The central bank's
meeting concludes next week a few hours after the FOMC meeting. The swaps
market is pricing a strong likelihood of another 50 bp cut to 10.75%. It would
be the sixth such move in the cycle that began last August. 

After the US dollar
recovered before the weekend from CAD1.3420 to almost CAD1.3500, it edged
slightly higher yesterday to around CAD1.3510.
It has held below CAD1.3490 so far today
but has yet take out yesterday's low near CAD1.3470. Meanwhile, benchmark
three-month implied volatility fell to a new four-year low yesterday below
4.9%. The greenback trading in a narrow range against the Mexican peso
yesterday after posting its biggest weekly decline so far this year (~-1.20%).
dollar has not settled above its five-day moving average (~MXN16.8350) for the
past ten consecutive sessions. Yesterday, was the fourth consecutive session
that the US dollar settled below the lower Bollinger Band, which comes in today
near MXN16.7880. The dollar's downside momentum seems to be stalling. It
settled last week near MXN16.8125.


Source: Ueda's Comments Weigh on Yen as the Market Awaits US CPI